AskDefine | Define promise

Dictionary Definition

promise

Noun

1 a verbal commitment by one person to another agreeing to do (or not to do) something in the future
2 grounds for feeling hopeful about the future; "there is little or no promise that he will recover" [syn: hope]

Verb

1 make a promise or commitment [syn: assure]
2 promise to undertake or give; "I promise you my best effort"
3 make a prediction about; tell in advance; "Call the outcome of an election" [syn: predict, foretell, prognosticate, call, forebode, anticipate]
4 give grounds for expectations; "The new results were promising"; "The results promised fame and glory"

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Etymology

From promissum.

Noun

  1. An oath or affirmation; a vow.
  2. A transaction between two persons whereby the first person undertakes in the future to render some service or gift to the second person or devotes something valuable now and here to his use

Translations

vow
  • Arabic:
  • Catalan: promesa
  • Chinese: 诺言 (nuòyán)
  • Czech: . slib
  • Danish: love
  • Dutch: belofte
  • Ewe: ŋugbedodo
  • Finnish: lupaus
  • French: vœu, promesse
  • German: Versprechen
  • Hungarian: igéret
  • Icelandic: loforð
  • Italian: promessa
  • Japanese: 約束 (やくそく, yakusoku)
  • Korean: 약속 (yaksok)
  • Kurdish:
  • Old English: hat
  • Polish: obietnica
  • Portuguese: promessa
  • Romanian: promisiune
  • Russian: обещание
  • Slovene: obljuba
  • Spanish: promesa
  • Swedish: löfte
  • Telugu: ఒట్టు (ottu)
transaction
  • Italian: promessa

Verb

  1. to commit to something or action; an oath; a vow.

Usage notes

Translations

to commit to something or action
  • Arabic:
  • Catalan: prometre
  • Chinese: 誓言 (shìyán), 承诺 (chéngnuò)
  • Czech: slíbit
  • Dutch: beloven
  • French: promettre
  • German: versprechen
  • Hungarian: ígér, megígér
  • Icelandic: lofa, strengja heit
  • Italian: promettere
  • Kurdish:
  • Old English: gehatan
  • Polish: obiecać
  • Portuguese: prometer
  • Romanian: promite
  • Slovene: obljubiti
  • Spanish: prometer

French

Verb

promise

Italian

Verb

promise

Romanian

Pronunciation

Adjective

promise

Verb

promise

Extensive Definition

A promise (also called troth) is a psychological contract indicating a transaction between two persons whereby the first person undertakes in the future to render some service or gift to the second person or devotes something valuable now and here to his or her use. A promise may also refer to any kind of vow or guarantee.

Promises and religions

Religions have differing attitudes towards promises.

Christianity

In Christianity, a distinction is made between simple promises and oaths/vows, with only the latter being seen as involving God, either as witness to the promise or recipient of it, although He sees the simple promises too.
The act of making a solemn oath may be done on one's own, but certain oaths or vows, especially when it effects a person's vocation in life and role in the community, are made publicly, and before a priest or public official. A Christian who makes an oath to God is responsible for it, not to the peril of his soul, but as a sin if he breaks it.
Certain sects of Western Christianity, amongst them the Religious Society of Friends and the Mennonites, object to the taking of both oaths and affirmations, basing their objections upon a commandment given in the Sermon on the Mount, and regard all promises to be witnessed by God.

Islam

Before the life, spirits of all people has promised Allah that they would accept Tawheed, if they are sent to the Earth. Ones who accept that will go to Jannah and ones who break their promises will go to Jahannam. However, Allah forbids all people who turns back to Islam, which they are born with it. In An-Nahl 91, Allah forbids Muslims to break their promises after they have confirmed them. All promises are regarded as having Allah as their witness and guarantor. In a Hadith, Muhammed states that a Muslim who made a promise and then saw a better thing to do, should do the better thing and then make an act of atonement for breaking the promise.

References

promise in German: Versprechen
promise in Portuguese: Promessa
promise in Simple English: Promise
promise in Swedish: Löfte
promise in Yiddish: פארשפרעכונג

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

accede, accord, actuarial prediction, adumbration, afford hope, agree, agree to, agreement, apocalypse, arrangement, aspiration, assent, assumption, assurance, assure, assured faith, augur, augur well, augury, auspice, avouch, bargain, bargain for, be promising, bespeak, betoken, betokening, betokenment, bid fair, bid fair to, binding agreement, bond, capability, cartel, cheer, cheerful expectation, collective agreement, commitment, compact, confidence, consent, consortium, contract, convention, conviction, countersign, covenant, covenant of salt, deal, dependence, desire, dicker, do a deal, doomed hope, earnest, employment contract, engage, engagement, ensure, expectation, fair prospect, faith, fervent hope, foreboding, forecast, forecasting, foreshadow, foreshadowing, foreshowing, foresight, foretell, foretelling, foretoken, foretokening, formal agreement, give hope, give indication of, give prospect of, good cheer, good hope, great expectations, guarantee, guaranty, guesswork, have favorable odds, have good prospects, high hopes, hint, hint at, hold out hope, hold out promise, hope, hopeful prognosis, hopefulness, hopes, hoping, hoping against hope, imply, improbability, increase the chances, indicant, indicate, indication, inspire, inspire hope, inspirit, insure, ironclad agreement, justify hope, legal agreement, legal contract, likelihood, look like, make a deal, make a promise, make fair promise, make likely, make more likely, make probable, mutual agreement, oath, offer the expectation, omen, pact, paction, pass, pawn, pledge, plight, portent, potential, prayerful hope, prediction, prefiguration, prefigurement, prefiguring, preindication, premonitory shiver, premonitory sign, premonitory symptom, presage, presaging, presentiment, preshowing, presignifying, presumption, probability, probabilize, prognosis, prognostic, prognostication, prophecy, prophesying, prospect, prospects, prospectus, protocol, raise expectation, raise expectations, raise hope, reassure, reliance, sanguine expectation, security, seem likely, shadow, show a tendency, show signs of, sign, soothsay, speculation, stand fair to, statistical prediction, stipulate, stipulation, suggest, support, swear, token, tokening, transaction, troth, trust, type, understanding, undertake, undertaking, underwrite, union contract, valid contract, vaticination, vouch, vow, wage contract, warrant, warranty, well-grounded hope, word, word of honor
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